A listed building is a building that has been placed on one of four lists outlined by Historic Environment Scotland (HES). This is a public body that investigates, cares for and promotes historic properties in Scotland.
In Scotland, there are more than 300 properties of national importance that are maintained by HES, including Knockdow House. These properties are given considerable protection within the planning system, due to their level of national importance.
Knockdow House is a listed building because it is of special historic interest and is certainly of national importance in Scotland. It is a Category B listed property because of the particular style and building type from the Georgian period.
Characteristics of Knockdow House
Knockdow House is an original Georgian mansion that was purchased by the Lamonts in 1753. This two storey property has harled walls, which was a specific kind of finishing that was typical of many Scottish properties in the 18th century.
Another notable feature of the house is its slated roofing, which was introduced to Europe in the commonly used during this era. The property has gabled dormers and lower windows, as well as corner stones and pedimented upper windows.
The classic Georgian property is well-known for its rectangular shape featuring symmetrical windows and columns. Another notable feature of a classic Georgian property is grand entrances and within the property, arches and columns, as well as interior spaces with high ceilings, crown moulding and window headers.
This beautiful property has two long wings that flank the original mansion, which terminate in front in bow windows that return to meet at the rear.
Another section of the house features segmental pediment over the central bay, with a rusticated doorway with gorgeous bay windows on either side. Further, one of the property’s wings features a high, crenellated tower and bay window. Finally, there is also a garret, which is a habitable attic featuring an additional living space.
Knockdow House has all of these features and more, which is one of the many reasons why it is a listed property. During the 1920s the Laird of Knockdow, Sir Norman Lamont, made a number of extensions and alterations to the property, while adhering to its traditional Georgian characteristics.
How to Maintain a Listed Property
A listed property must be maintained according to a particular set of rules depending on the category listing it has been given. As a Category B listed building, Knockdow House requires a level of maintenance that can be higher than a standard property.
If property owners in Scotland wish to make changes to a listed building, they must first obtain consent from HES, particularly if those changes will affect its character.